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  MSX Home Computer  
  Kunt u zich nog de beste homecomputer herinneren die ooit gemaakt is? De MSX veroverde Europa en Azie in de jaren 1980 en begin 1990.
Deze home computer was populair in Azie (Korea, Japan), Zuid Amerika (Brazilie, Chili), Europa (Nederland, Spanje, Frankrijk) en de voormalige Sovjet Unie. De MSX was ook bekend in Israel, Egypte en Yemen maar hij was onbekend in de USA. Ondanks de tegenwoordige PC dominantie zijn er nog steeds MSX gebruikers en programmeurs actief en er worden jaarlijks beurzen en gebruikersbijeenkomsten gehouden. Momenteel bestaat de MSX dankzij de toewijding en vastberadenheid van de gebruikers.
 

Philips
Sony
Philips MSX 2 Sony MSX 2
  Fabrikanten van MSX computers.

MSX 1 Spectravideo (USA), Philips (Nederland), Sony, Sanyo, Mitsubishi, Toshiba, Hitachi, National, Canon, Casio, Pioneer, General, Yamaha, Yashica-Kyocera (Japan), GoldStar, Samsung, Daewoo/Yeno (Zuid Korea), Gradiente (Brazilië), Sharp/Epcom (Brazilië).
MSX 2 Philips, Sony, Sanyo, Mitsubishi, JVC, National, Panasonic, Canon, ACVS (Brazilië, upgrade kit), DDX (Brazilië, upgrade kit), Daewoo/Yeno (Zuid Korea).
MSX 2+ Sony, Sanyo, Panasonic, ACVS (Brazilië, upgrade kit), DDX (Brazilië, upgrade kit)
MSX turbo R Panasonic.

Systeem specificaties
MSX 1 - 1983
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 32 kB
BIOS (16 kB)
MSX BASIC V1.0 (16 kB)
RAM: 8 kB minimum, up to 64 kB
Video Display Processor: Texas Instruments TMS9918 familie
Video RAM: 16 kB
Text modes: 40 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolutie: 256 x 192 (16 colours)
Sprites: 32, 1 colour, max 4 per line
Geluids chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
MSX 2 - 1985
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 48 kB
BIOS + Extended BIOS (32 kB)
MSX BASIC V2.0 (16 kB)
DiskROM (16 kB) (optional)
RAM: commonly 128 kB (64 kB op Japanse computers)
Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
Video Display Processor: Yamaha v9938
Video RAM: 128 kB (soms 64 kB or 192 kB)
Text modes: 80 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolutie: 512 x 212 (16 colours from 512) and 256 x 212 (256 colours)
Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per line
Sound chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
Clock chip
MSX 2+ - 1988
Alleen uitgebracht in Japan
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 64 kB
BIOS + Extended BIOS (32 kB)
MSX BASIC V3.0 (16 kB)
DiskROM (16 kB)
Kun-BASIC (16 kB) (optional)
Kanji ROM (optional)
RAM: commonly 64 kB (op Japanse computers)
Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
Video Display Processor: Yamaha v9958
Video RAM: 128 kB
Text modes: 80 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolutie: 512 x 212 (16 colours from 512) and 256 x 212 (19268 colours)
Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per line
Horizontal and vertical scroll registers
Geluids chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
Sound chip: Yamaha YM2413 (OPLL) (MSX-Music)
9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
15 pre-set instruments, 1 custom
Clock chip
MSX turbo R - 1990
Alleen uitgebracht in Japan
Processor: R800 running at 7.14 MHz
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 96 kB
BIOS + Extended BIOS (48 kB)
MSX BASIC V4.0 (16 kB)
DiskROM (16 kB)
Kun-BASIC (16 kB)
Kanji ROM (256 kB)
Firmware (4 MB)
RAM: 256 kB (FS-A1ST) or 512 kB (FS-A1GT)
Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
Additionally 16 kB of SRAM (battery-powered)
Video Display Processor: Yamaha v9958
Video RAM: 128 kB
Text modes: 80 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolutie: 512 x 212 (16 colours from 512) and 256 x 212 (19268 colours)
Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per line
Horizontal and vertical scroll registers
Geluids chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
Geluids chip: Yamaha YM2413 (OPLL) (MSX-Music)
9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
15 pre-set instruments, 1 custom
Geluids chip: PCM
8-bit single channel (no DMA), 16kHz max Microphone built-in Geluids chip: MIDI in/out (FS-A1GT only)
Clock chip
MSX is een handelsmerk van MSX Association

 
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