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  MSX Home Computer  
  Can you remember the best homecomputer ever made?
The MSX overtook Europe and Asia in the 1980's and early 90's.
It was popular in Asia (Korea, Japan), South America (Brazil, Chile), Europe (Netherlands, Spain, France) and Soviet Union.
MSX is also known in Israel, Kuwait, Egypt and Yemen, but it was unknown in USA.
Despite of today's "PC domination", many MSX users and programmers are still active, and international fairs and users encounters happen every year. The MSX today lives by the determination of its users.
 

Philips
Sony
Philips MSX 2 Sony MSX 2
  Manufacturers of MSX computers.

MSX 1 Spectravideo (USA), Philips (the Netherlands), Sony, Sanyo, Mitsubishi, Toshiba, Hitachi, National, Canon, Casio, Pioneer, General, Yamaha, Yashica-Kyocera (Japan), GoldStar, Samsung, Daewoo/Yeno (South Korea), Gradiente (Brazil), Sharp/Epcom (Brazil).
MSX 2 Philips, Sony, Sanyo, Mitsubishi, JVC, National, Panasonic, Canon, ACVS (Brazil, upgrade kit), DDX (Brazil, upgrade kit), Daewoo/Yeno (South Korea).
MSX 2+ Sony, Sanyo, Panasonic, ACVS (Brazil, upgrade kit), DDX (Brazil, upgrade kit)
MSX turbo R Panasonic.

System specs
MSX 1 - 1983
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 32 kB
BIOS (16 kB)
MSX BASIC V1.0 (16 kB)
RAM: 8 kB minimum, up to 64 kB
Video Display Processor: Texas Instruments TMS9918 familie
Video RAM: 16 kB
Text modes: 40 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolution: 256 x 192 (16 colours)
Sprites: 32, 1 colour, max 4 per line
Sound chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
MSX 2 - 1985
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 48 kB
BIOS + Extended BIOS (32 kB)
MSX BASIC V2.0 (16 kB)
DiskROM (16 kB) (optional)
RAM: commonly 128 kB (64 kB on Japanese computers)
Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
Video Display Processor: Yamaha v9938
Video RAM: 128 kB (sometimes 64 kB or 192 kB)
Text modes: 80 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolution: 512 x 212 (16 colours from 512) and 256 x 212 (256 colours)
Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per line
Sound chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
Clock chip
MSX 2+ - 1988
Only released in Japan
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 64 kB
BIOS + Extended BIOS (32 kB)
MSX BASIC V3.0 (16 kB)
DiskROM (16 kB)
Kun-BASIC (16 kB) (optional)
Kanji ROM (optional)
RAM: commonly 64 kB (on Japanese computers)
Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
Video Display Processor: Yamaha v9958
Video RAM: 128 kB
Text modes: 80 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolution: 512 x 212 (16 colours from 512) and 256 x 212 (19268 colours)
Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per line
Horizontal and vertical scroll registers
Sound chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
Sound chip: Yamaha YM2413 (OPLL) (MSX-Music)
9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
15 pre-set instruments, 1 custom
Clock chip
MSX turbo R - 1990
Only released in Japan
Processor: R800 running at 7.14 MHz
Processor: Zilog Z80A running at 3.58 MHz
ROM: 96 kB
BIOS + Extended BIOS (48 kB)
MSX BASIC V4.0 (16 kB)
DiskROM (16 kB)
Kun-BASIC (16 kB)
Kanji ROM (256 kB)
Firmware (4 MB)
RAM: 256 kB (FS-A1ST) or 512 kB (FS-A1GT)
Memory mapped (4 MB/slot max)
Additionally 16 kB of SRAM (battery-powered)
Video Display Processor: Yamaha v9958
Video RAM: 128 kB
Text modes: 80 x 24 and 32 x 24
Resolution: 512 x 212 (16 colours from 512) and 256 x 212 (19268 colours)
Sprites: 32, 16 colours, max 8 per line
Horizontal and vertical scroll registers
Sound chip: General Instruments AY-3-8910 (PSG)
3 channels + noise
Sound chip: Yamaha YM2413 (OPLL) (MSX-Music)
9 channels FM or 6 channels FM + 5 drums
15 pre-set instruments, 1 custom
Sound chip: PCM
8-bit single channel (no DMA), 16kHz max Microphone built-in Sound chip: MIDI in/out (FS-A1GT only)
Clock chip
MSX is a trademark of MSX Association

 
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